The indigenous Maasai culture and social organization reflects a very rich and diversified customary systems and practices characterised by numerous ceremonies and rituals. In almost all of these ceremonies and rituals the forest, specific species of plants/ trees in the forest, and parts of trees and or plants play essential roles.

These ceremonies include those associated with significant life cycle events such as the rites of passage – naming, circumcision, Marriage and death – as well as being used to fight disease, to combat infertility, for blessings and to settle disputes. A number of studies in Loita for example have identified at least 24 species of plants used among the Loita Maasai during various ceremonies and rituals. The oloiboni, the spiritual leader uses a variety of plants to make charms for cursing, bewitching or treating people.

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